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How Nigeria Got It Independence: Celebrating Nigeria On Independence Day (2020)



Nigeria Independence Day Celebration Image

Nigeria celebrates its ⭐️Independence Day⭐️ every 1st of October. The celebration began ever since the country got her Independence from the British on 1st of October, 1960. Ekomiami brings all you need to know about the country history before the arrival of the British, before Independence, during Independence, leaders of the country immediately the country after independence and how the country celebrates the day every year.

Read About Nnamdi Azikiwe The First President Of Nigeria

Nigeria Pre-Colonial History

Nigeria pre-colonial history dates back to 11,000 BC. The pre-historic tribes around the country developed in their own way and formed up the current ethnic groups present in the country today.

Before the British colonized the area called Nigeria, there were several independent kingdoms and states like that of the Benin Kingdom. These independent kingdoms and states lived as neighbours up to the moment the Europeans came. The British decided to group them to make administration easier for them. 

Before the arrival of the British, even as far back as the 1600s, the coastal Nigerian areas traded with the Europeans periodically where they sold slaves (people) who were taken to America to work. When slavery was abolished, the people located in the coastal area of Nigeria began trading their trading palm oil and other local products for the European goods and products. The trade with other Europeans declined after the British had conquered those areas and had forcefully established their rule.

Lagos was taken in 1851 and converted to a colony in 1861. By 1884, Calabar had become the protectorate capital and remained so till 1906. The Benin Kingdom collapsed in 1897 and was also turned to a colony by the British. All the lands that were already under the protectorate of the British Empire were joined into several colonies: the Colony of Lagos, the Niger Coast, and the Northern Protectorate on January 1, 1901. For further simplicity, the Colony of Lagos and Niger Coast were amalgamated in 1914. 

The amalgamation led to Nigeria of today. The country name Nigeria was coined by Flora Shaw, the wife of Lord Lugard. She named the country after the biggest river in the area, which is river Niger. 

Read About Father of Nigerian Nationalism, Herbert Macaulay

Nigeria Before Independence

Nigeria was colonized some 60 years ago like many other African countries. The country was colonized by the British who are Europeans for many years. At that time, African tribes could not oppose the Europeans because the Europeans had superior war equipment like were easily subdued by the white colonial powers. Africa colonization brought about many changes. Such changes include replacing the African culture, religion and traditions with that of the Europeans.

Africans began to think of how to be freed of this colonial slavery and started rebelling against the authority of the whites. This rebellion gained ground over the years until there were enough Africans, whose voices could be heard, who opposed the colonization of Africa by the Europeans. 

Nigerians joined the freedom fight from 1922 to 1959 after the British have ruled for so many years. Nationalists like Herbert Macaulay, Nnamdi Azikiwe and the rest awaken the Nigerian national spirit. The fight for freedom eventually led to the British thought of newer ways to colonize the people of Nigeria. This includes the British creating several new constitutions meant in calming down the people’s rebellion. This was not effective as the people (Nigerians) were not happy with the kind of life they were living under the colonial rule. They wanted freedom!

By October 27, 1958, the United Kingdom saw that Nigeria was better ruled by its people and concluded that Nigeria needs to be an independent state. 

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On Nigeria Independence Day

On October 1st, 1960 Nigeria gained her Independence. At midnight on that October 1st 1960, the country replaced the British Union Jack flag with a new flag signifying that the country was longer ruled by the British. 

Nigeria also changed the national anthem from “God Save the Queen” to “Nigeria We Hail Thee” that same day. The new anthem lyrics was written by Lillian Jean Williams, a British expatriate who lived in Nigeria at that time. 

Immediate Nigeria Leaders After Independence

The first Prime Minister of Nigeria is Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. The first Executive President of the most populous black country is Nnamdi Azikiwe, who previously held the position of Governor-General. Jaja Wachuku is the first Nigerian House of Representatives Speaker. Simultaneously, he received the Freedom Charter – the famous Nigerian Instrument of Independence. Nigeria became a republic in 1963. 

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How Nigeria Celebrate Independence Day

There is a national public holiday every October 1st to celebrate the country’s Independence Day. As a rule, the celebration starts with a live broadcast of the President’s speech dedicated to all the citizens. The President’s speech is usually followed by the parade of the armed forces. 

The day is also used to remember those who had dedicated their lives and efforts to make the country achieve Independence and also to honour the dead.

Nigerians do hold cultural and ethnic events on Independence Day to help unite the bond among the over 250 ethnic groups in the country.


[Video] Tompolo makes first public appearance after six years



Who is Tompolo?

Government Oweizide Ekpemupolo, aka Tompolo was a commander in various guerrilla groups in the Niger Delta which were all agitating against the insensitivity of the Federal Government and the international oil companies towards to exploitation and degradation of the Niger Delta. Ekpemupolo’s wealth, derived mainly from oil bunkering, played a major role in founding both MEND and also his own fighters (Wikipedia).

Tompolo, who led the disbanded Movement for Emancipation of Niger Delta (MEND), was nowhere to be found immediately after President Muhammadu Buhari was sworn-in in 2015 as the Federal Government sent troops to get him apprehended.

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The government as published by the Nation Newspaper also declared him wanted through the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) for ignoring two bench warrants issued against him by the Federal High Court sitting in Lagos following an alleged N45.5bn fraud case.

But the court on July 15, 2019, dismissed all the charges against Global West Vessel Specialist Limited, a company linked to the former Niger Delta militant leader.

Despite the judgment, Tompolo failed to appear in public until October 19, 2020, when sources said he made a sudden appearance at the Egbesu Shrine in his Oporoza country home in Gbaramatu, Delta State, the Nation Newspaper reported.

His First Public Appearance after six years

Picture and video of his appearance showed the former warlord and his friends dancing, worshipping, and offering Thanksgiving to Egbesu, Ijaw god.

An Egbesu disciple, Bodmas Kemepadei, who confirmed the development, said the appearance of Tompolo, who is the Egbesu Priest, would help to facilitate resolutions of knotty issues in the Niger Delta region.

He said: “As Tompolo disciples and proponents of the Ijaw cause, this celebration to our National God Egbesu, is not just about the vindication and freedom of Tompolo, it is about the military invasion and burning of our communities without any provocation.

“It is about the IOCs that have refused to relocate to the region even after a presidential directive, it is about our people having a fair share of our natural resources, it is about freedom from these Federal Government promoted ailments that our people suffer from.

“We celebrate Tompolo with confidence that these issues will be addressed, we celebrate with our spirits high knowing that the time for resource control is now, let this be a message to all our brothers in struggle, the days of arms are over, we have to engage the FG with intellectualism, we call on all to be part of the resource control agitations, the time is now” (The Nation).

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What is NIN number in Nigeria?



According to Wikipedia, a national identification number, national identity number, or national insurance number is used by the governments of many countries as a means of tracking their citizens, permanent residents,  permanent residents, and temporary residents for the purposes of work, taxation, government benefits, health care, and other governmentally-related functions. The number appears on identity documents issued by several countries.

Below are 7 things you need to know about the NIN in Nigeria

  1. The NIN is your assured digital identity
  2. The NIN is a set of 11 numbers assigned to an individual at the completion of enrolment into the national identity database
  3. The NIN is cannot be transferred from one person to another
  4. The NIN is used to verify your identity as a citizen
  5. Your NIN is what identifies you and can suffice for ID purposes
  6. The NIN is for life, it does not expire
  7. The NIN is a must – have for all citizens

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Q & A

Aisha Yesufu: Nigeria’s Statue of Liberty



Aisha Yesufu

Aisha Yesufu is a Nigerian social and political activist who came to limelight for speaking up for the abducted Chibok schoolgirls in 2014. In 2020, she and thousands of Nigerians all over the world protested against police brutality. The almost 50 years old Aisha was also at the forefront of the #EndSARS protest and forced the Nigeria Police Force to listen to the voice of the people and dissolved SARS, a tactical unit of the police force on October 11, 2020.

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Aisha Yesufu⭐ was the co-convener of the Bring Back Our Girls (BBOG) campaign that tirelessly held protests demanding for the rescue of the 276 schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram in Chibok, Borno state. The Chibok schoolgirls were between the ages of 15-18 years as at the time of their abduction in 2014. She was part of Nigerian women that protested at Nigeria’s National Assembly, in Abuja, on 30 April 2014.

At the age of 10, the Nigerian female social and political activist concluded that the worst thing any human can do to her was to kill her. She realised that no matter what she and everyone else will still die and that death is inevitable and not the worst thing in life. Aisha Yusufu said she never feared anyone while growing up though she respects people. She only fears the Supreme Being. Aisha Yesufu in October 2020 said she would not leave the fight against End SARS protest in Nigeria for her children.

Biography of Aisha Yesufu

Aisha Yesufu was born in Kano state in December 1974, she is from Agbede in Edo state. She is from the tribe of Etsako and she is 5 feet 10 inches tall. Aisha described the place where she grew up in Kano as a ghetto. By the time she was 11 years, she did not have any female friends as all her female friends had been married and did not complete their education because they were at their husband house.

Education of Aisha Yesufu

Aisha Yusufu got her West African School Leaving Certificate from the Bayero University Staff Secondary School in 1991. According to an article on The Guardian, she wanted to enrol at the Nigeria Defence Academy (NDA) in 1991 but was rejected because she was a woman. Aisha Yesufu first gained admission to a tertiary institution at the Uthman Dan Fodio University, Sokoto in 1992. In 1993, she got her A-Levels IJMB from the Kano State College of Arts & Science.

She left Uthman Dan Fodio University, Sokoto after a crisis for Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria where she got admitted to study Medicine. This female activist left Ahmadu Bello University when it was shut down because of the murder of a professor in 1994. She then got to study at the Department of Microbiology at Bayero University, Kano in 1996 and graduated with a second class upper Bachelor of Science Degree from the university in 1999 three years after.

In each of the 3 universities (Uthman Dan Fodio University, Ahmadu Bello University and Bayero University) where she made friends, her friends avoided moving with her at the administrative block for fear of getting rusticated. She got a masters degree in Pharmaceutical Microbiology in 2006 at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

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Aisha Yesufu Career

Aisha Yesufu, a graduate of Microbiology is a businesswoman. She did her NYSC year in Kano state from January 1999 to January 2000. She was posted to and served at Kano State School of Nursing where she lectured students on medical microbiology, development and spread of infectious diseases in patients.

Aisha went to business after schooling in the 2000s. She made business her main focus. She is the CEO of Aliyyah & Amir Ventures Limited and has been with the family business since January 2003. Aisha Yesufu manages the day to day activities of the company. The business is involved in trading and distribution of general merchandise and raw materials in Northern Nigeria.

The businesswoman also founded Citizens Hub in January 2017. Citizens Hub is a non-profit organization that seeks to build a solution-driven and dynamic approach to building a financially independent, active and responsible citizenry. Citizens Hub is based in Abuja, Nigeria capital.

Aisha Yesufu’s Marriage

Aisha Yesufu got married to her husband Aliu, an Auchi man in 1996 while at the university at the age of 24. She was the one who approached her husband. The marriage is blessed with two children a son and a daughter with the youngest child (her daughter) born in December 2001. Aisha Yesufu once revealed that she is not a big fan of house chores. She says her husband is her number one fan.

Aisha Yesufu’s Activism

Activism as always being part of Aisha Yesufu life. She as always stood up against injustice. Aisha Yesufu do tell tales of how she participated in several protests while studying at the 3 universities she attended. She has been actively involved in over 100 protest marches demanding social justice in Nigeria.

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Aisha was a columnist at Daily Times from September 2019 to March 2020 where she wrote about contemporary issues affecting Nigeria. The Bring Back Our Girls civil rights group where she was the co-convener persistence helped in the rescue of at least 100 Chibok girls from the Boko Haram terrorist group with more still missing. She was the Sit-Out Coordinator and then Chairperson of the Strategic Team of the #BringBackOurGirls campaign group. Since 30th of April 2014, the civil the group has staged a sit-in protest at the Unity Fountain to compel the government to bring back the remaining girls despite all forms of intimidation and harassment by security agents and the Nigerian government.

In 2019, Aisha volunteered as a member of the Oby Ezekwesili Presidential Campaign Organization during the 2019 elections in Nigeria. In 2020, she was very active in the #EndSars campaign. Aisha and several thousands of Nigeria protested against police brutality that eventually led to the dissolution of the SARS tactical unit on Sunday, October 11, 2020, by the Inspector General of Police.

Aisha Yusufu is very active on social media and is known to fight injustice both online and offline. She has been physically present in at least over 100 protests in Nigeria and is known to be one of the positive change voice in Nigeria. She is fluent in English, Hausa, and Etsako languages. Aisha won an Award for Humanitarian Service during her NYSC. She as also won the Social Person of the week on Kakaaki and was also given the Voice of Humanity award by the Guardian Newspaper. Aisha Yusufu is a practising Muslim.

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