HIV/AIDS is a spectrum of diseases ranging from initial infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that eventually degenerates into full-blown Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). By destroying the immune system, HIV gradually interferes with the body’s innate ability to fight against infections and cancers. This accounts for why affected individuals are susceptible to certain infections (e.g Pneumocystis Jiroveci Pneumonia) and tumours (e.g Kaposi sarcoma) that are rarely found in immunocompetent people.
In view of the aforementioned, it has become pertinent to examine some of the common risky behaviours that increase the chances of contracting this deadly virus:
- Unprotected Sexual Intercourse
- Unsafe Blood Transfusion
- Sharing of Sharps
- Needle Stick Injuries
- Intravenous Drug Abuse
- Alcohol abuse